High Court Upholds Extradition Despite Human Rights Challenge

Citation: [2023] EWHC 2901 (Admin)
Judgment on


The case of Marcin Cwiklinski v Polish Judicial Authority is a significant ruling from the High Court of Justice, King’s Bench Division, Administrative Court. The judgment, presided over by FORDHAM J, addresses the issues concerning extradition on the basis of an Extradition Arrest Warrant. This article dissects the court’s decision, highlighting key facts, legal principles applied, and the outcomes, as well as offering a concise conclusion.

Key Facts

Marcin Cwiklinski, the appellant, sought to challenge his extradition to Poland in relation to a conviction Extradition Arrest Warrant. The underlying offences committed by Cwiklinski included criminal damage and an assault occurring within a Polish young offenders institution in 2017. At the time of these offences, he was 18 years old.

Cwiklinski’s sentence was initially suspended on condition of probation supervision and the payment of redress. Failure to meet these conditions resulted in the activation of the sentence. Having moved to the UK in October 2018, Cwiklinski was a fugitive at the time Polish authorities pursued extradition.

District Judge Sternberg ordered Cwiklinski’s extradition, a decision which the appellant contested on the basis of Article 8 ECHR, invoking the right to respect for private and family life. It was established that Cwiklinski could return to the UK after serving the 10-month sentence in Poland.

The primary legal principle at the center of this case is Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR), which guarantees the right to respect for one’s private and family life. The judgment meticulously considers whether the interference with this right, as a result of extradition, was justified and proportionate given the public interest in enforcing criminal sanctions.

The judgment echoes longstanding extradition principles that seek to balance individual rights against the collective interest in honoring mutual legal obligations and preventing safe havens for those fleeing justice. The court’s reasoning adheres to the principles laid out in cases such as Norris v. Government of the United States of America [2010] UKSC 9, which reaffirms the importance of extradition as a mechanism for upholding justice and public confidence in the legal systems.


The application by Cwiklinski for permission to appeal was methodically considered by FORDHAM J, having been refused on paper by Kerr J previously. Despite recognizing the impact on the appellant’s partner and her son, the court unequivocally found that the public interest in extradition outweighed the private interests of the appellant and his family.

The factors influencing this decision included the nature of the offences, the passage of time linked to Cwiklinski’s fugitivity, and the continuous pursuit by Polish authorities. FORDHAM J diligently traced each argument against the backdrop of established legal principles. The judge concluded that there was no realistic prospect that a substantive hearing would overturn the original decision.


In Marcin Cwiklinski v Polish Judicial Authority, the High Court affirms extradition as a delicate balance between individual human rights and the public interest in enforcing international criminal justice obligations. The application of Article 8 ECHR in this context underscores the court’s careful scrutiny to ensure that any interference with this right is justified, necessary, and proportionate. The refusal to grant permission to appeal illustrates the High Court’s resolve in matters of extradition when set against the backdrop of fugitivity and responsibility to the justice system. The case reinforces the legal precedent that not all interferences with private and family life, particularly in the context of serious offences, can outweigh the imperative of fulfilling extradition requests.

Related Summaries