Court Strikes Out Defendant’s Witness Statement in Payone GmbH v Jerry Kofi Logo Case

Citation: [2023] EWHC 3038 (KB)
Judgment on


In the case of Payone GmbH v Jerry Kofi Logo, various legal principles were brought into play, particularly around the admissibility and form of legal documentation, whistleblowing, confidentiality, and the proper conduct of litigation. This article examines the High Court of Justice’s application of these principles in light of the case before MR JUSTICE LANE.

Key Facts

The defendant, Jerry Kofi Logo, formerly employed by the claimant Payone GmbH, had allegedly transferred confidential documents from his work email to personal accounts. These actions provoked legal proceedings, wherein the claimant sought to make an interim injunction for the protection of this confidential information permanent. Logo presented a witness statement with the intention to act as a defence and counterclaim. However, issues arose surrounding the nature of this witness statement and its adherence to the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR).

1. Applicability of Civil Procedure Rules to Litigants in Person

The court reiterated that the Civil Procedure Rules apply to all parties, represented and unrepresented alike. Despite the court’s understanding of Logo’s position as a litigant in person and its willingness to assist, the requirements of the CPR must be met by all parties to ensure just proceedings.

2. Strike-Out Powers under CPR 3.4(2)

The court referred to the conditions under which a statement of case may be struck out – including failure to present a reasonable ground for making a claim or defence, abuse of process, and non-compliance with court rules or orders. The threshold for striking out is high, requiring certainty that a claim or defence cannot succeed.

3. Provisions for Whistleblowers

Logo’s intentions as a whistleblower were considered, but the case revolved around the misuse of confidential information. The interim injunction already exempted certain disclosures, so whistleblowing activities, where legally compliant, were not impeded by the injunction.

4. Principles of Res Judicata and Abuse of Process

The court considered whether Logo re-litigated issues already decided upon (cause of action estoppel); presented claims he could have advanced previously (issue estoppel); and whether the claims made were disproportionate to the potential benefits, constituting an abuse of process.

The court assessed whether Logo’s claims and defences had a reasonable basis and connection to the central issue – the misuse of confidential material. In many cases, the court found no such connection, particularly where Logo’s justifications were unrelated to the protection of confidential information.

6. The Right of the Claimant to Protect Confidential Information

Irrespective of employment disputes, the claimant’s right to protect its confidential information was upheld. The court deemed that any alleged irregularities in employment practice did not negate the defendant’s duty of confidentiality.


The court concluded that Logo’s witness statement did not accord with the requirements of the CPR and failed to present coherent grounds for defence against the misuse of confidential information. The document was struck out, with the exception that Logo could file a counterclaim specifically regarding the pension scheme issue which had not been fully resolved.


In Payone GmbH v Jerry Kofi Logo, the court meticulously applied established legal principles to ensure that legal documentation before it was appropriate, that the integrity of the litigation process was maintained, and that the confidentiality rights of the claimant were safeguarded. The judgement underscores the court’s commitment to ensuring that the process is navigated in a manner that meets the procedural standards set forth in the CPR, while allowing for just treatment of individuals, regardless of their representation status. The court’s robust approach in striking out parts of the defendant’s statement that were found to be unfounded, incoherent, or an abuse of process, while allowing a singular issue – related to pensions – to proceed, highlights the court’s dedication to affording claimants and defendants a fair consideration of their claims and defences, within the constraints of legal propriety and procedural correctness.

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