Tribunal Upholds Fixed Penalty Notice in Dave Electrical Services Ltd v The Pensions Regulator Case, Emphasizing Employer's Duty to Comply with Pension Regulations

Citation: [2023] UKFTT 1059 (GRC)
Judgment on


In the case of Dave Electrical Services Ltd v The Pensions Regulator [2023] UKFTT 1059 (GRC), the First-tier Tribunal (General Regulatory Chamber) adjudicated on an appeal by Dave Electrical Services Ltd (“the Employer”) against a fixed penalty notice issued by The Pensions Regulator for non-compliance with a compliance notice regarding pension regulations. This article offers an analysis of the case, summarizing the key topics discussed and the legal principles applied, with direct references to the summary.

Key Facts

The Employer was issued a fixed penalty notice (FPN) because they failed to comply with a compliance notice (CN) that directed them to file a redeclaration of compliance by the set deadline. The Employer contended that they did not receive either the CN or any reminder notices, thus resulting in non-compliance out of ignorance. However, the Regulator provided evidence of attempts to contact the Employer, and the Tribunal reviewed recordings of phone calls, including a courtesy call made to the Employer. Despite these efforts, the Employer failed to complete the required declaration.

The Tribunal’s decision draws on several legal principles:

  1. Statutory Obligations: The case centered around statutory obligations under the Pensions Act 2008, specifically Sections 35 and 40, mandating employers to adhere to compliance notices and the penalties for failing to do so.

  2. Presumption of Service: The Tribunal referred to the presumption of service as per Section 7 of the Interpretation Act 1978 and Regulation 15 of the Employers Duties (Registration and Compliance) Regulations 2010 (SI 2010/5). This presumption states that if the post is correctly addressed and dispatched, it is deemed delivered unless strong evidence suggests otherwise.

  3. Tribunal’s Powers of Review: Under Section 44 of the Pensions Act 2008, the Tribunal is granted the power to confirm, vary, or revoke a FPN after a reference to the Tribunal is made following an application for review to the Regulator.

  4. Responsibility and Ignorance of the Law: The principle that ignorance of the law is not a defense was applied, emphasizing that it is the Employer’s responsibility to be aware of and comply with legal obligations.

  5. Review and Discretion: The Tribunal reviewed the case, considering recorded communications between the Employer and the Regulator. However, the Tribunal determined that it has no discretion to alter the fixed penalty set by Parliament.


HHJ David Dixon decided to dismiss the appeal and uphold the FPN. The Tribunal found that there was no adequate basis for the Employer’s non-compliance and that the Employer had an obligation to be aware of and to meet regulatory requirements. The argument that the Employer did not receive the CN was rejected based on the presumption of service principle, and the fixed penalty of £400 was considered fair and appropriate given the nature of the breach.


The case of Dave Electrical Services Ltd v The Pensions Regulator reaffirms the importance of statutory obligations concerning pension compliance, the presumption of service in postal communications, and the onus on employers to be aware of and comply with legal requirements. Employers must take proactive measures to ensure compliance with pension regulations and cannot rely on a defense of ignorance. The Tribunal’s decision emphasizes that the Regulator’s role is to enforce compliance and that it is not responsible for ensuring that an employer fulfills their legal duties. The case serves as a critical reminder for all UK employers regarding the necessity of adherence to pension-related notices and deadlines.

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