High Court Examines Procedural Mechanisms and Jurisdiction Challenges in GLAS SAS v European Topsoho Case

Citation: [2024] EWHC 83 (Comm)
Judgment on


The recent case of GLAS SAS (London Branch) v European Topsoho SARL & Ors in the High Court of Justice’s Commercial Court presents a complex set of facts and legal issues pertaining to applications for summary judgment, jurisdiction challenges, and the validity or authenticity of several critical documents. The court’s analysis carries substantial implications for commercial litigation practice, particularly concerning the use of procedural mechanisms to secure earnest participation from litigants, and the weight afforded to foreign legal proceedings.

Key Facts

GLAS SAS (London Branch), a corporate trustee, sought summary judgment against European Topsoho SARL (ETS), Dynamic, and Ms Qiu, centering on allegations of unlawful means conspiracy and involvement in fraudulent conduct surrounding the disposal of shares. The case took several turns, with initial non-participation from Dynamic and Ms Qiu followed by late applications to challenge jurisdiction and participate in the defense.

Key components of the fact pattern include disputed documents such as a Trust Deed, a Share Sale Agreement (SSA), the 2018 Agreement, and various notices which influenced the transaction of shares in the fashion company SMCP. Notably, ETS’s bankruptcy proceedings in Luxembourg and the Singapore Enforcement Proceedings play significant roles in the context of the case, with particular emphasis on the Beihai Arbitration in China.

The judgment in this case touches on several critical legal principles:

  1. Summary Judgment: The court referred to the established principles for summary judgment under the Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) 24.2, outlining the improbability threshold required to dismiss a defense without a full trial.

  2. Relief from Sanctions: Drawing from the Texan Management and Apollo Ventures decisions, the court examined whether a significant delay justified relief from sanctions where procedural rules had been breached.

  3. Jurisdiction and Forum Conveniens: In considering whether England was the proper jurisdiction for the case versus Singapore or the People’s Republic of China, the court invoked the Spiliada test and emphasized relevant factors such as the location of witnesses, the law governing agreements, and existing legal proceedings.

  4. Good Faith in Litigation: Emphasized by Males LJ in Gama Aviation, the good faith of the litigants is a factor in the exercise of the court’s discretion to impose conditions under CPR 3.1(3), even if the defendant has a real prospect of success and imposition of a conditional order for security.

  5. Authenticity of Documents: The case also delves into the evidentiary analysis regarding the authenticity of documents critical to the defense, where the absence of signatures, improper procedures, and allegations of sham and fraud are pertinent.


The court rendered a nuanced decision, refusing summary judgment due to the existence of a realistic, albeit weak defense, but imposing conditions on the Defendants due to non-compliance with court orders and the need for showing earnest participation. Notably, both Ms Qiu and Dynamic are required to pay significant sums into court as a condition of filing and serving their Defenses. Furthermore, the court awarded a summary judgment for the Deferred Fee claim favoring GLAS.


In GLAS SAS (London Branch) v European Topsoho SARL & Ors, the High Court reveals the intricacies of summary judgment applications, the balance between efficiency and justice, and the interplay between English law and foreign court processes. The case underscores the importance of genuine participation by litigants and the reluctance of the court to dispense with potentially viable defenses, albeit imposing stringent conditions to ensure sincere engagement in the litigation process. Additionally, it recognizes the relevance of foreign judgments and proceedings but reiterates the autonomy of the English courts to manage the cases before them, striving for consistency with international counterparts where possible.

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